Roman sculpture adopted and enlivened its models of Greek Antiquity. This first major classicist movement in European art also served as an expression of successful politics. The portraits of the Roman emperors and influential private citizens are especially beautiful. The Liebieghaus collection boasts two superb marble busts of Augustus and Marcus Aurelius. Lifelike renditions of the gods, heroes and myths – produced in the sculptors’ workshops of Rome to decorate the stone sarcophagi of the dead – reached unparalleled heights of mastery.
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