Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne II (1704 - 1778)
Portrait of Comte Théophile Malo de la Tour d’Auvergne
Jean-Baptiste II. Lemoyne, Portrait of Comte de la Tour d'Auvergne, Paris, 1765
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Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne II
1704 - 1778
Lemoyne was initially trained by his father, Jean-Louis, and then by Robert Le Lorrain beginning in 1734. Although he won first prize for sculpture at the Academy in 1726, he was unable, for family reasons, to go to Rome on the scholarship awarded. He became director of the Académie Royale and official court portraitist. It was in the field of portraiture – one of the most important categories of French eighteenth-century sculpture – that he executed his pioneering works. His pupils include sculptors who were a crucial impetus behind the art of the second half of the eighteenth century: Augustin Pajou, Étienne-Maurice Falconet, Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, Jean-Jacques Caffieri and Jean-Antoine Houdon.
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