In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, artists of the Renaissance looked primarily to the formal language of Antiquity for inspiration, while also striving to reproduce nature as faithfully as possible. A fine example is the small bronze statue of the Apollo Belvedere by the sculptor Antico. In the late sixteenth century, Mannerist works such as Barthélemy Prieur’s Black Venus depart from the balanced composure characterizing High Renaissance art. Mannerism uses tensioncharged compositions and affected motifs to convey its particular brand of drama.

Altar of the Assumption of the Virgin

Andrea della Robbia, "Madonna della Cintola", Florence, ca. 1500

Apollo Belvedere

Pier Jacopo Alari Bonacolsi known as Antico, Apollo  Belvedere, Mantua, 1497/98

Black Venus

Barthélemy Prieur, Black Venus, Paris, ca. 1600

Cruzifix

Giovanni Bologna, Cruzifix, Florence, before 1588

Equestrian Statuette of Archduke Maximilian III of Austria, Grand and German Master (1588-1618)

Hubert Gerhard, Equestrian Statuette of Archduke Maximilian III, Innsbruck, between 1599 and 1602

Putto Holding Cloths

Willem Danielsz van Tetrode, Putto Holding Cloths, Delft or Cologne, between 1567 and 1575

Putto Holding Cloths

Willem Danielsz van Tetrode, Putto Holding Cloths, Delft or Cologne, between 1567 and 1575

Virgin and Child

Antonio Rossellino, Virgin and Child, Florence, between 1475 and 1500
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