Roman sculpture adopted and enlivened its models of Greek Antiquity. This first major classicist movement in European art also served as an expression of successful politics. The portraits of the Roman emperors and influential private citizens are especially beautiful. The Liebieghaus collection boasts two superb marble busts of Augustus and Marcus Aurelius. Lifelike renditions of the gods, heroes and myths – produced in the sculptors’ workshops of Rome to decorate the stone sarcophagi of the dead – reached unparalleled heights of mastery.

Bronze Figure of Adonis /Tammuz (?)

Bronze Figure of Adonis / Tammuz (?), Roman Syria, 100-200

Discus Thrower by the Classical sculptor Naukydes

Discus Thrower by the Classical sculptor Naukydes, Roman replica of a Greel statue of the late 5th century BC

Head of the God Apollo

Head of the god Apollo, Roman replica after a Greek statue ("Apollo of Antium") of the 4th century BC

Head of the Messenger God Hermes

Head of the messenger god Hermes ("Hermes Ludovisi"), Roman replica after a Greek statue of ca. 440 BC

Leaning Satyr

Leaning Satyr, Roman replica of a statue by the Greek sculptor Praxiteles, ca. 340/320 BC

Myron’s Athena

Myron's Athena, Roman replica of a bronze group of ca. 450 BC, Rühl&Bormann

Portrait of Emperor Marcus Aurelius (r. 161– 180 AD)

Portrait of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius, Roman workshop, after 169

Portrait of the Roman Emperor Augustus

Portait of the Roman Emperor Augustus, Italy (?), after 27 BC, Rühl&Bormann

Roman Sarcophagus

Roman Sarcophagus with a depiction of the Myth of Meleager, ca. 250/260

Upper Body Fragment from the Tyrannicides

Upper body fragment from the Tyrannicides, Roman replica of the orginal erected in 477/476 BC in Athens, Rühl&Bormann
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